মারুফ কামাল খান সোহেল

সার্ক’র শীর্ষ নেতাদের সাথে বাংলাদেশের প্রধানমন্ত্রী বেগম খালেদা জিয়া। ঐতিহাসিক এই ছবিতে ভারত ও পাকিস্তান’র শীর্ষ নেতৃদ্বয় করমর্দন’র মাধ্যমে নতুন করে সম্পর্ক উন্নয়নের কথা বলেন।

(বিএনপি কমিউনিকেশন) — দেশনেত্রী বেগম খালেদা জিয়ার বিরুদ্ধে শেখ হাসিনার অভিযোগের অন্ত নেই। সম্প্রতি এক বক্তৃতায় শেখ হাসিনা একগাদা অভিযোগ করেছেন। তার মধ্যে একটা অভিযোগ হলো প্রধানমন্ত্রী হিসেবে ভারত সফরে গিয়ে বেগম জিয়া নাকি পানির কথা বলতে ভুলেই গিয়েছিলেন।

প্রধানমন্ত্রী হিশেবে বেগম খালেদা জিয়ার ভারত সফর শেষে দু’দেশের পক্ষ থেকে ২৮ মে, ১৯৯২ তারিখে প্রকাশিত যৌথ ইশতেহার নিচে দেয়া হলো। এতে দেখা যায় পানি বন্টন, স্থল ও নৌসীমা বিরোধ, তালপট্টি, চাকমা বিদ্রোহী শরণার্থী ও তিন বিঘা করিডোর হস্তান্তর সহ গুরুত্বপূর্ণ সকল বিষয় নিয়ে বিশদ আলোচনা হয়েছিল।

তাহলে পানির কথা বলতে ভুলে যাবার গল্প শেখ হাসিনা কোথায় পেলেন? তিনি কি সব ব্যাপারে এমন সত্য(!) তথ্যই তুলে ধরেন?

Joint communiqué issued at the end of the visit of the Bangladesh  Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia to India.

New Delhi, May 28, 1992.

  1. At the invitation of His Excellency Mr. P.V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of the Republic of India, Her Excellency Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh paid a State visit to India from May 26-28, 1992.
  2. During her visit, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh called on His Excellency Shri R. Venkataraman, President of India, and His Excellency Dr. S.D. Sharma, Vice-President.
  3. The Prime Ministers held comprehensive and wide-ranging discussions covering international, regional and bilateral issues in an atmosphere of friendship, harmony and cordiality.
  4. Reviewing the recent momentous and unprecedented changes in the international situation, they expressed satisfaction at the more positive developments and expressed the hope that these would be built upon in the interest of the international community as a whole. The end of the cold war, dissolution of sharp ideological clevages and renewed emphasis on resolution of differences through peaceful means, would hopefully result in a world order based on equity, justice and cooperation. They called for a simultaneous democratisation of international relations and a greater thrust on alleviation of poverty. The decision making organs of the U.N. which were sought to be invested with greater active responsibility, must enjoy wider representation and reflect the collective opinion of its membership.
    The Non-aligned Movement based on its abiding principles of independence of judgement and freedom of action, and its emphasis on equitable international economic development, has come to acquire a renewed relevance in the light of these developments.

The two Prime Ministers reiterated their belief that SAARC represents the faith and aspiration of the countries of South Asia to enhance regional cooperation in the interest of greater understanding and well-being of the peoples of the region. Towards this end, they felt that a further momentum should be given to SAARC activities in the core areas of economic cooperation. The two leaders felt that the Seventh SAARC Summit to be held in Dhaka at the end of this year assumes special significance as the beginning of the second cycle of SAARC Summits and expressed the hope that it would not only lead to the consolidation of the past achievements and would also identify new meaningful avenues to achieve its objectives.

The two leaders expressed their determination to further consolidate the friendly, harmonious and good neighbourly relations between Bangladesh and India, in the larger interest of the peoples of the two countries and of peace and stability in the region. A significant opportunity was now available for the purpose based on the mandate of the people.

Both sides noted with satisfaction the recent Exchange of Letters regarding the modalities for implementation of the terms providing for right of passage for Bangladesh citizens through Tin Bigha area which will become effective from June, 26, 1992.

Based on this understanding, it was agreed that efforts should be intensified to resolve the other outstanding issues emanating from the India-Bangladesh Land Boundary Agreement of 1974. It was also agreed that discussions on delimitation of the Maritime Boundary would be resumed at an early date. Moreover, they I noted the need for discussions in due course concerning the question of New Moore/South Talpatty Island for an in-depth examination on the basis of all relevant facts and principles.

The two Prime Ministers noted that due to growing need for waters, the flows available in the Ganga/Ganges and Teesta would fall short of the requirements of the two countries particularly during the lean season. They agreed that an equitable, long-term and comprehensive arrangement for sharing the flows of these and other major rivers evolved through mutual discussions would serve the best interest of the peoples of the two countries. They directed their Ministers concerned to make renewed endeavours for achieving an acceptable settlement including the interim arrangements for sharing the dry season flows on the Ganga/Ganges in the meanwhile. The Prime Minister of India assured that every possible effort will be made to avoid undue hardship to Bangladesh by sharing the flows in Ganga/Ganges at Farakka on an equitable basis. The concerned Ministers of the two sides will meet for this purpose on an urgent basis.

In the meanwhile, joint monitoring of releases at Farakka and the Teesta barrage, and observations on the flows of the major rivers into Bangladesh will be revived and undertaken immediately.

Taking into account the problems being caused due to large-scale illegal immigration of people across their borders, they expressed their determination to stop illegal movement of people across the border by all possible means including the strengthening of existing arrangements and mutual co-operation in this regard.

Both sides resolved to take effective measures in order to maintain peace and tranquility all along the border and to refrain from unfriendly activity.

The two Prime Ministers agreed to arrange speedy repatriation of all Chakma refugees to Bangladesh in full safety and security. In this context, the Bangladesh side agreed to set up a representative political-level Committee that would encourage the refugees to return. The Indian side assured that its authorities would cooperate fully in the process of repatriation.

The two Prime Ministers directed that special focus should be placed on increasing and diversifying trade and economic cooperation between the two countries. They agreed that the authorities concerned would meet at an early date, preferably August/September 1992, to hold Trade Review Talks with a view to renewing the existing Trade Agreement. They agreed that the Joint Economic Commission between the two countries should meet in October 1992. Existing cooperation in the fields of Culture, Education, Information and Defence could also be expanded.

The Prime Minister of Bangladesh expressed her appreciation to the Prime Minister, the Government and the people of India for the warm welcome and hospitality extended to her and the members of her delegation during their stay in India.

The Prime Minister of Bangladesh extended an invitation to the Prime Minister of India to visit Bangladesh. The invitation was accepted with pleasure.

  • লেখক: সাংবাদিক ও বিএনপি চেয়ারপার্সন’র প্রেস সচিব।